Thursday, July 30, 2020
Use the optional essay to your advantage COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog Application deadlines are here, and the Office of Admissions and Financial Aid has been getting a lot of calls and emails lately. Weâre glad youâre reaching out to us with your questions. Iâm choosing to tell yâall about something that has NOT been asked about, which is the optional essay. [Before you get too far: You are not required to write this! If youve said all you need to say about yourself as a candidate and you dont have it in you to write more, thats totally understandable! The optional essay is truly, Optional. And donât feel guilty about being relieved that you donât have to read the rest of this post.] So why answer a question that hasnât been asked? Because I think itâll give some of you an advantage in your application. This is what the optional essay is in the application for: An opportunity to discuss something you werenât able to address elsewhere; OR, an opportunity for you to explain a situation that needs more detail. SIPA does not have an ideal model of an applicant. Our candidates come from more than 100 countries around the world, with a variety of undergraduate and graduate studies, career backgrounds, expertises, and aspirations. We value this diversity immensely because these differences enrich the class experience for everybody. Instead, what the Admissions Committee looks for falls into the broad categories of: relevant professional experience; proven academic ability; quantitative coursework; and a passion for public policy and International Affairs. Because there is no One Ideal Applicant, the admissions process is holistic â" meaning, the Admissions Committee takes the whole of your application into account. We are looking at the gestalt of your application, if you will. This is where the optional essay and knowing what the Admissions Committee is looking for comes in. Use the optional essay to explain any discrepancies or unique situations that you werenât able to address anywhere else in the application. Is there something that you want to tell the Admissions Committee because it will add to you as a whole? Tell us why youâd be a stellar policy candidate despite your previous studies being in something unrelated. Tell us why youâd come out on top of the core economics courses at SIPA despite the quantitative grades on your transcript not reflecting that. Tell us what unique perspective you can add to the classroom, even though you have an employment gap due to family reasons. Life happens. The Admissions Committee are people too. Theyre understanding and respectful. But sometimes there is nothing for them to take into account as a whole, if you are the only one who can provide the information and dont do it. Because each applicant is so different, we cant possibly tell you what specific topic were looking for. I will just say: The optional essay is NOT another personal statement, or a place to rehash something already explained in your application. Perhaps itâs just a few paragraphs that canât all âflowâ together, and that is fine. Maybe your optional essay is just one sentence â" we appreciate brevity. Remember, the optional essay is not meant to trip you up, nor is it a ~secret admissions test~. It is simply an opportunity for you to address your situation(s) to the Admissions Committee that you werenât able to in other parts of the application. For another perspective, here is an overview of the Optional Essay from a student who went through the application process. Wishing you all the best of luck!
Friday, May 22, 2020
An Epic Hero-Mulan The Ballad of Hua Mulan has many different adaptations to consider; and while none of them offer a clear time period, (anywhere from 386-618 AD), they all agree on the main points of the story. News was sent throughout China of the coming war, and the army required that all men of age be enlisted. Hua Mulan; Hua being her last name, knew that her father was too old and frail to engage in any sort of combat, so she decided to disguise herself as a man and enlist in his stead as his Ã¢â¬Å"son.Ã¢â¬ Every version claims that Mulan served in the military for twelve years, and performed many acts of bravery before returning home, only to find that her father had already passed on. There are a few differences between the varyingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It describes the typical adventure of the archetype known as The Hero, the person who goes out and achieves great deeds on behalf of the group, tribe, or civilization.Ã¢â¬ In summary, every hero undergoes the same experience, to an extent. The stages of the Hero Cycle are as follows: The Ordinary World Here the readers are introduced to the hero, their backstory, and the conflict. The Call to Adventure Something happens that forces the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s situation to change suddenly. Refusal of the Call The hero momentarily succumbs to their fears and attempts to deny the call to adventure. Meeting with the Mentor The hero meets a seasoned and wizened character who provides them with training, equipment, or advice that the hero may use along their journey. Crossing the Threshold The hero leaves their ordinary world and enters a new one with unfamiliar rules and values. Tests, Allies, and Enemies The hero is tested, and gains both friends, and enemies in the new world. Approach The hero and their allies prepare for tribulation. The Ordeal The hero confronts death and/or their greatest fear, and are Ã¢â¬ËrebornÃ¢â¬â¢ as a new person. The Reward The hero claims the reward won by facing death. The Road Back The hero mustShow MoreRelatedMulan: A Woman on a Mission Essay1816 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMulan (Revised) Disney proclaims that the adaptations of the Chinese story of Mulan is to transform ethnic materials into a Ã¢â¬Å"timelessÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"universalÃ¢â¬ classic (Kurtti 1998). Peter Schneider, Disney Feature Animation President, avers that Ã¢â¬Å"the search for who we are, the search for self, it an ever-ongoing process and universal themeÃ¢â¬ (Kurtti 1998, 189). Guided by this principle, Disney appropriated the Mulan story into its typical formula of a heroÃ¢â¬â¢s journey of self-discovery. The film features
Sunday, May 10, 2020
What Georgetown University Wants in the Essay Medical Samples Ideas What Georgetown University Wants in the Essay Medical Samples Secrets When you plan your essay and jot down the points you're likely to talk about in your draft, you are going to have lot of points to discuss. Work involved with a position, cover letter which you are most cover letter. It's never recommended to write very lengthy headings that wind up looking like complex sentences. A good heading can vary from just two words to a few words. You need to deliver a very clear and persuasive argument. For instance, if you're writing an essay on How Global Warming can be decreased, it is going to be an excellent idea which you take a minute to define what global warming is about in your introductory paragraph. The conclusion can be composed of at least two sentences. Your conclusion does not need to have to be complex or extraordinary. Difficulty in persuading healthy folks to give up one of their kidneys really isn't the problem that should be addressed. As I grew older, all the words that I collected in my mind started to pour out in the shape of new ideas that I wrote down and cherished. Some folks write the abstract as their final bit of work on a specific paper. The person is likely to forget some points. Much like any fantastic bit of writing, you may have to compose a few drafts. It is also necessary for students as soon as it comes to English Language examinations. This essay is just one of my favorites. It is possible to make any terrific college essay fit beneath this essay prompt. Employers know of the chronological format and frequently prefer it. All first-year applicants are needed to have an interview unless it's impossible to assign the interview based on geographic location. Residents have the chance to learn alongside some nationally known experts. Identify an organization with which you would love to participate. I am hoping to carry on wrestling at Georgetown. On the flip side, Georgetown is also providing you the opportunity to speak about camp, so should you have amazing camp stories that show your character and personality, definitely write about doing it! The intended consequence of making something better is that folks use it more. You should keep in mind that the body is the point where the vast majority of your marks lie. Called the previous name effect,'' it appears to be due to years of being at the conclusion of the line and being seated in the rear of the room and being called last to visit lunch. Barely anyone notices and nobody says a thing. That way you can be working from the identical document that AMCAS will utilize to confirm your application. To prevent delays you should follow precisely the instructions furnished by the application services. Community service is a significant portion of a Jesuit education. While you'll have the chance to talk about the complete array of your activities in your application, this is an opportunity to highlight one that is very meaningful to you. How to Choose What Georgetown University Wants in the Essay Medical Samples It's highly possible that there will be several different applicants who have had similar experiences, which will allow it to be much more hard for you to convince the adcom that your activity is distinctive and indicative of your unique interests. In doing these activities we've added knowledge and abilities in SME-activities coupled to regional development and company sector development, that may be an asset for our clients within the global development proje cts. The donor evaluation method is in fact out of order. Otherwise, you should do more research, both to compose a more powerful essay, and to clarify your objectives. Philosophy schools unite very different scholars, who sometimes were rivals in actual life. Show you have researched specific faculty or courses which will aide in your upcoming training. Students may get need-based aid, along with merit scholarships. In most cases they will work individually.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Motivational Methods There are various motivational methods that are used in the workplace. There are three motivation theories; equity theory, expectancy theory, and goal-setting theory. In an organization, motivational methods are used to improve and prepare staff members for implementation of new policies. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivational Methods Hcs 325 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Motivational success depends on what methods are used and what the exact motivation is. One theory of motivation is equity theory. The essence of the theory is that perceived inequity is a motivating stateÃ¢â¬âthat is, when people believe that they have been inequitably treated in comparison to others, they will try to eliminate the discomfort and restore a sense of equity to the situationÃ¢â¬ (Lombardi, 2007, p. 284) . In an organization, not everyone will get along; there will be disagreements and even arguments. When a worker is dissatisfied with their job they will become less interested and invested in it. They will not work as hard as they once did which affects the team as a whole. A worker may even quit or be transferred if they perceive inequity (Lombardi, 2007, p. 84). A way for a supervisor to correct this situation is to communicate the intended value of rewards given, by doing so; the worker feels like it is less of a competition and will strive toward the goal of getting a raise or promotion. Ã¢â¬Å"Social science research suggests that people are most likely to internalize norms when they feel autonomous, competent, and related to othersÃ¢â¬ (Bartlett, 2009, p. 1895). An important goal is for an employee to feel like they are an important part of the team. The expectancy theory is based on the question: Ã¢â¬Å"What determines the willingness of an individual to work hard at tasks important to the organization? (Lombardi, 2007, p. 284). If an organization is preparing for a change in policy, the supervisor must get their staff prepared for the change. In most cases, the workers feel fine with the policy they currently have and are reluctant for change because it disrupts work patterns for a while. The supervisor should let their team know of the importance of the change as well as take small steps to build up to the impending change. With the ever changing workforce characteristics such as age of the average worker, and workers waiting l onger to retire, there is a great range of workers and with that, a greater range of needs. Changing workforce characteristic may impact the effectiveness of pay, reward, and recognition systems if demographic-based generational differences in the workforce translate into norms at expectations and motivationÃ¢â¬ (McGinley Meese, 2011, p. 82). A way to motivate workers with this theory is for the supervisor to clearly link effort and performance, link performance to work outcomes, and choosing work outcomes valued by the individualÃ¢â¬ (Lombardi, 2007, p. 285). When an organization needs its departmental supervisors to prepare staff for change, the expectancy theory can be used to motivate workers. For example, if a department is going under a new policy, the workers in that department will have to adapt, a way to ensure a smooth adaptation is for the supervisor to set goals and expectations that need to be reached as well as provide rewards for those who follow protocol on a regular basis and explain what the rewards are and their criteria beforehand. Positive reinforcement will increase the frequency of desirable behavior by making pleasant consequence contingent on its occurrence (Lombardi, 2007, p. 88). The goal-setting theory Ã¢â¬Å"is that task goals can be highly motivating if they are properly set and if they are well managedÃ¢â¬ (Lombardi, 2007, p. 285). For the goal-setting theory to work, supervisors and team members must work together to set the right goals in the right ways (Lombardi, 2007, p. 285). In the case of preparing for change, the goals should be to have a smooth transition, in order for this to happen, everyone must work together. It cannot be just one person pushing the others to reach a goal. If the supervisor want to make their staff feel competent and capable of doing a good job they will have to Ã¢â¬Å"select workers with ability, train workers to use ability, support work efforts, and clarify performance jobsÃ¢â¬ (Lombardi, 2007, p. 286). When goals are specifically set there is a greater outcome for success. For example, in a wound care facility a goal for one worker is to complete inventory in 45 minutes twice a day; the worker will have a clear understanding of what is expected of them rather than the supervisor to tell the worker Ã¢â¬Å"get the inventory done todayÃ¢â¬ . Rewarding the accomplishment of a worker will reinforce good work ethic and ensure greater outcomes in the future. When an organization wants to make changes, it affects everyone, from the top to the bottom. In order for the changes to be implemented in an effective manner, motivation among staff is needed. Providing positive reinforcement when a task is continuously done correctly can ensure that the task will continue to be done correctly. Implementing any one of the three motivational methods discussed will make any change a smoother transition. Keeping workers motivated to do their job will increase productivity and provide better outcomes for the organization. References Bartlett, K. T. (2009). Making good on good intentions: The critical role on motivation in reducing implicit workplace discrimination. Virginia Law Review, 95(8), 1893-1972. Lombardi, D. J. , Schermerhorn, J. R. , Kramer, B. (2007). Health Care Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons. McGinley, J. , Meese, T. (2011, March). Intelligence Community Assessment: Generational differences in workplace motivation. American Intelligence Journal How to cite Motivational Methods Hcs 325, Essay examples
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Introduction Marketing environment is a term used to refer to the forces outside of marketing which have an influence on the marketing managerÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to create and maintain a healthy relationship with the customers he is targeting. In other words, these forces affect the demand and supply of goods and services. In this write up, focus is given on three marketing forces namely economic, competitive and socio-cultural forces.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing Environment Forces specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Economic forces These refer to prosperity, recession, depression and recovery life cycles and how they affect the consumption of a product. In any circumstance, what determines whether the consumer will use that product is whether he has the ability to purchase it. This makes economic factors key determinants or a key environmental force and the most fundamental force affecting marketing of a commodity. Factors like employment, rate of inflation, interest rates, fiscal and monetary policies also fall under this category even though they are intricately intertwined and they eventually affect the businessÃ¢â¬â¢ marketing activities by determining the amount of demand for the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s products (Franke, Hofstede Bond, 1991). How can the marketer use economic odds to his advantage? Depending on how all the economic factors are addressed by the firm, they can be either an opportunity or a threat to the firm. For instance, discount stores and fast food points do better in a down economy as opposed to a vibrant and strong economy where people search for healthier foods. Organizations will therefore need to review how economic conditions will impact on their businesses and respond appropriately. A successful marketer has to anticipate and visualize these economic factors and use them to his advantage. The focus is to get the maximum benefits at the minimum costs possibl e. Often in such circumstances as downturns and recessions, there will be high unemployment, low purchasing power, and therefore low demand for products. The strategic marketer can plan to offer more value for the same or lower price than the competitor. He can increase advertising and utilize technology in cost reduction (Porter, 2008). The marketer will become a resource by providing information and tools which are needed by the prospects. Competitive forces Before looking at the competitive forces themselves, it is important to understand the competitive structures. They include monopoly where there is only one marketer in the market place, oligopoly where there are few marketers- say three or four, perfect competition where competitors are of equal strength and equal access to market, and eventually monopolistic competition where there are many marketers.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The monopolistic competition is the most common and marketers have to work to ensure that consumers choose their commodities and not those of their competitors (Lee, 1966). Michael E. Porter classified the forces into five categories, namely the intensity of competitive rivalry, the threat of new entrants, the threat of substitute products and the bargaining power of customers (Porter, 1979). The intensity of rivalry is caused by a large number of firms competing for the same customers and resources, slow market growth that causes firms to fight for the market share, high fixed costs that cause the firms to produce at near capacity and high storage costs or high perishability that cause the producer to sell as soon as possible. Low switching cost where the customer can very easily switch, and low levels of product differentiation usually have the same impact on the marketing. If the strategic stakes are high, they intensify rivalry. When there are high exit barriers , it is another way of saying that the firm must stay and compete. The diversity of rivals where it is very difficult to predict the behavior of rivals can mean that any time rivalry can intensify. Other factors on rivalry are level of advertising expense, competitive strategy of each and competition between online and also offline firms (Porter, 2008). PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s second category is threat of substitutes. In this, reference is being given to products in other industries. Price elasticity is determined by substitute products. For instance, in the tire industry for cars, pricing may be constrained by the presence of retreads because they are substitutes. There is therefore competition arising from substitutes as opposed to rivals. In simple terms the buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s propensity to switch to alternatives is an important consideration. It can be influenced by switching costs, product differentiation, number of substitutes available and relative price performance of the substitute (Po rter, 2008). Another force is the buyer power. Here the buyer is the reference and the one who determines the prices. For instance economists talk of monopsony when there are many sellers but only one buyer. In such a case, the buyer is the one who sets the price. Other issues affecting the buyer are buyer sensitivity to price, switching cost, information availability, degree of dependency on the current channels of distribution and buyer volume.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Marketing Environment Forces specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Supplier power is another competitive force. A supplier is said to be powerful when he can influence the producing industry. Suppliers are powerful when it is difficult for producers to switch suppliers and are weak when there are many competitive suppliers. Threat of new entrants as a competitive force comes in especially when there are no barriers to entry in an industry. It is not very common especially if there are several well established firms. Other than presence of powerful firms other barriers to entry are government regulation, patents and proprietary knowledge and economies of scale. How can marketers help in facing such forces? When the firm is faced with some or all of these forces, the marketer can take both external and internal measures to jockey for a more favorable position. One of the things he/she can do is to understand the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s strengths and weaknesses. The company can choose to influence the balance before they negatively affect it. A company can devise a strategy that takes the offensive. This posture is designed to do more than merely cope with the forces themselves; it is meant to alter their causes instead. The company can also exploit the changes in the industry through staking out a position that is less vulnerable to attack from head-to-head opponents, whether established or new, and less vulnerable to erosion fro m the direction of buyers, suppliers, and substitute goods (John Steven, 1983). This it can do through solidifying good relationships with good customers through marketing and establishing technological leadership so as to be on the advantage of new changes. Social-cultural forces These are societal factors that impact on any marketing aspect, either making it easier or challenging. They could relate to language, family, reference groups, roles and status, values and attitudes, religion, morals, education, prioritizing of wants current social trends and many more. All these affect the preferences, perceptions and behavior. For instance, a company that focuses on exercise equipment and low calorie foods when there is a trend of weight loss is likely to sell more. Language for instance will influence the way an advertisement is perceived.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some checklist questions a marketer can ask himself on the social cultural factors are: What is the dominant religion? How does the language of the customers influence the diffusion of the products? How much time do consumers create for leisure? What is the opinion and attitudes towards my type of product and also the company (Adler Mortimer, 1981)? These questions among many others will help a marketer know what issues to address, especially on the advertisement part. Advertisements are meant to create or change an impression among potential buyers. The marketer will therefore align his marketing strategies towards creating a lasting favorable impression among his potential clientele. For instance on religion, the marketing department can promote products that show regard to the religious beliefs like banks that offer Sharia products for Muslims. Most firms try as much as they can to have products that will sell more to the bigger section of the society in regard to any social fac tor since it is difficult to offer a product that satisfies everybody. The marketer should therefore be able to evaluate the quarters that will generate maximum revenue. When the marketing department works hand in hand with the production and other departments, they can create a product that gains favor among consumers while the marketing department creates brand loyalty through product promotion. The firm can take advantage of the socio-cultural factors in creating brand loyalty (Franke, Hofstede Bond, 1991). Conclusion Marketers should perform a SWOT analysis to be able to understand their companies in terms of their abilities and weaknesses first before hitting the market for campaigns. In spite of all the unfavorable forces that are present in their business arena, they should struggle to use the forces to their advantage. However, before entering a market they should also conduct a PEST (political, economic, socio-cultural and technological) survey so that they understand the market and operate in a market they are sure to have less difficulties. References Adler, T. and Mortimer, J. (1981). Six great ideas. Journal of Marketing Management, 23, 12-17. Franke, R. H., Hofstede, G. and Bond M. H. (1991). Cultural roots of economic performance: A research note. Strategic Management Journal, 12, 165-173. John, R. H. and Steven, M. S. (1983). The indicators of a friendly market: Marketing Science, 2(4), 319-360 Lee, J. A. (1966). Cultural analysis in overseas operations. Harvard Business Review, 44(2), 106 114. Porter, M. E. (1979). How competitive forces shape strategy. Harvard Business Review, 14, 3-15. Porter, M. E. (2008). The five competitive forces that shape strategy. Harvard business Review, 35, 45-66. This essay on Marketing Environment Forces was written and submitted by user Caiden Buchanan to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here. Marketing environment forces
Friday, March 20, 2020
Leadership Theories Theorists have formulated several leadership theories in the past. Leadership styles and theories which were used several years ago are not the same as the ones used today. Hernsey and BlenchardÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of situational leadership allows leaders to adopt various leadership styles that match with development levels of their followers.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Leadership Theories specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Leaders adopt leadership styles which are dependent on readiness and willingness of their followers to perform required tasks. When followers are not mature, their competence and motivation of is low, but it increases as they mature (Hernsey and Blenchard, 1976). According to McGregory (1960), theory X and theory Y assumptions encompasses style, behavior, situation, and adaptation to the situation. These theories resulted in development of other situational theories. Fried FielderÃ¢â¬â¢s (1967) c ontingency theory argues that there is no one best way of leading. It identifies situations when task-oriented approach is more effective, and when a relationship style would be more productive. Fielder concluded that task-oriented leaders are effective when conditions are either very favorable for the leader or which are very unfavorable for the leader (Fiedler, 1967, p.13). When situation is favorable, members are ready and willing to work because their leaders support job performance. When conditions are unfavorable, group members will need to remain goal-oriented for them to achieve any success. In stressful situations, a leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s structure and control can remove undesirable ambiguity and the anxiety that goes with it (Fielder, 1967). In Hersey/Blanchard theory of situational leadership model, there is no best way to lead. Leaders must be able to adapt to situations and modify their leadership style to be more effective. The level of maturity of a group will determine the most effective leadership style (Hersey and Blanchard, 1976). A leader assesses maturity of a group to come up with the amount of guidance needed. Immature group requires direction and goal-oriented behavior from their leader. At this stage, task-oriented leadership is required since followers are eager to accept guidance when they feel uncertain about a task. As a group matures, it builds a relationship with its leader.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Task-related behavior decrease as relationship behavior takes charge. A two-way communication develops and members are involved by their leader in decision making. As maturity increases, the leader delegates responsibility to the next step in the process (Hersey and Blanchard, 1976). In contingency theory, leadership style is determined by situations and can only be changed based on the relationship between members and their leaders. A leader can adopt a leadership style and use it as situation may demand. On the other hand, Hersey/Blanchard theory of situational leadership model depends on maturity of group members for a leadership style. Immature group requires close guidance and one-way communication where the members are told what to do, when and how they do it. Leadership style changes to a relationship when a group is mature enough. The style later changes to a two-way communication where members are involved in decision making and responsibilities delegated. Role of Leaders in Organizational Ethics Leaders play an important role in developing ethical business organizations. If a manager does not portray a positive behavior, other employees are likely to follow suit and business organization become unethical. Leaders should use idealistic visions and persuasive communication styles to motivate their followers. Ethical behaviors have a role in credibility, and the ability of leaders to ha ve a positive influence on their followers (Piccolo et al. 2010). Ethical leadership captures employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of ethical behavior inferred from leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s conduct. When leaders demonstrate a normative appropriate conduct through personal actions and interpersonal relationships, and promote such conduct to their followers through communication, reinforcement and decision making, the result is ethical organization. Trustworthy leaders are proactive and are expected to increase cooperation among employees to promote organizational identification. This will have a positive improvement in performance and ethics in a business organization. Ethical leadership increases organizational identification.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Leadership Theories specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Organizations which have leaders with poor ethics rank poorly in public and this may have a negative effect on business (Wa lumbwa et al. 2010). Exchange of positive behaviors between ethical leaders and members through trust, open communication, information sharing and liking of followers, contribute to ethical behavior in an organization. According to Bandura (1977), leaders influence their followers by way of modeling process. This is one of the most powerful ways of transmitting values, attitudes and behaviors. Employees learn how to do something by observing their leaders. Leaders can be good models by virtue of their assigned roles, their status, success in the organization and the power to affect the behavior and outcomes of their followers in an organization (Bandura, 1977). Leaders act as role models to their junior employees. Even when other employees do not envy their leader, portraying ethical behavior will ensure that all employees emulate deeds of their leaders. Leaders who are not honest or trustworthy are likely to encourage dishonesty and lack of trust among their followers. Leaders gain trust of their followers when they act in a generally acceptable and consistent manner regarding how leaders should behave in a workplace. References Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Fiedler, F.E. (1967). A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness. New York: Mcgraw-Hill. Hersey, P., Blanchard, K. (1972). Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Prentice Hall.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Mcgregor, D. (1960). The Human Side of Enterprise. New York: Mcgraw-Hill. Piccolo, R. F., Greenbaum, R., Hartog, D.N., Folger, R. (2010). The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Core Job Characteristics. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31, 259Ã¢â¬â278. Walumbwa, F.O., Mayer, D.M., Wang, P., Wang, H., Workman, K., Christensen, A.L. (2010). Linking Ethical Leadership to Employee Performance: The Roles of LeaderÃ¢â¬âMember Exchange, Self-Efficacy, and Organizational Identification. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 115, 204Ã¢â¬â213.
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
How the Marine Corps Prepared Me to Self-Publish Novels How the US Marine Corps Prepared Me to Self-Publish Matt Leatherwood is a former United States Marine and two-time self-published author. In this guest post, Matt shares how his experience in the Marine Corps inspired him to self-publish novels,Ã and how returning to the publishing industry after more than a decade-long hiatus has shaped him as an author.Growing up, I recognized I had a unique ability to capture peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s imaginations through the written word. Teachers in middle school and high school called it a Ã¢â¬Å"gift.Ã¢â¬ I just thought of it as a way to pass the time during boring classes. Once the bell rung, I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait to share my latest creation with others. Mr. Bennett, my science teacher, recognized my talent and began reading my work out loud during study halls.For years, I was content with scribbling stuff down on paper, passing it around and getting a reaction. This habit followed me through high school, into college and eventually the Marines.Journaling my experiences in IraqI never wanted to be a writer. That changed on January 13th, 2003, the day my battalion commander stood before me and announced that the Secretary of Defense, acting on orders from the president, had issued our unit a deployment order for the Middle East. My initial thought was, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to war, and IÃ¢â¬â¢m gonna die.Ã¢â¬ My next thought was about how I had squandered my writing talent.A majority of my fellow Marines were disturbed by the news. The last time the United States deployed for an armed conflict on a mass scale was slightly over a decade ago (1991). Fear of the unknown was rampant whether anybody wanted to admit it or not. I resolved at that moment to keep a day-to-day journal of things as they unfolded on the ground. This journal tracked my movements from the U.S. to Kuwait into Iraq and back again.My motivation for the journal was to provide my family with a written record of what was going on as I experienced it should I perish - my mother would be most comforted for an in-depth explanation beyond the generic Ã¢â¬Å"killed in actionÃ¢â¬ touted by the military.How the battlefield turned me into a writerI returned back to the U.S. on July 4th, 2003 and was honorably discharged several months later. I still had all the journals I had written but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what to do with them. It then dawned on me to turn them into a book that my family and others could read to understand the plight of the combat soldier. Those journals became Train to Baghdad, my first book.I had officially become a writer through extenuating circumstances. I can honestly say, if I had never gone to war, I wouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve never taken up writing. So, it is my contention that I was Ã¢â¬Å"draftedÃ¢â¬ into writing. "IÃ was drafted to war.Ã I was also drafted into writing." @M_LeatherwoodJr Why I gave up writing after my first attempt to self-publish novelsI worked daily for eight months, shaping my journals into the book "Train to Baghdad". Because the war was still being fought and I did not obtain clearance from the Department of Defense, I was forced into writing the book as a fictional memoir.Not knowing anything about fiction, apart from what I had learned by reading it myself, I enrolled in the novel-writing program at Winghill Writing School and spent thirteen months learning the craft from the bottom up. I was assigned an instructor, Canadian author Michael Crawley, who had some commercial success and we began working on the first ten chapters of what is now Complicity in Heels.Why self-publishing works for meWorking with Reedsy editor, Angela Brown was a joy. I followed her editorial letter religiously as I revised the manuscript of "Complicity in Heels". There were times when I realized my story had more holes than a slice of Swiss cheese. She brought up poin ts I had never even considered when constructing my story. I found myself often asking, "How could I have missed that?" She pushed me past my comfort zone as a writer.Despite my initial, challenging experience with self-publishing, the decision to self-publish my second book was quite easy. The choice felt right because of how it coincided with my Marine background. Self-reliance, discipline, and responsibility are in my blood. I thrive on challenge and adversity, both of which are involved when you self-publish. "I thrive on challenge and adversity, both of which are involved in self-publishing." For others, the traditional publishing route provides security and industry validation. However, both avenues come with a laundry list of pros and cons, so anybody just starting out would be best served to do their due diligence.Looking back on war and the importance of readingContrary to popular belief, there is a lot of dead time during aÃ war. I too held this misconception of nonstop action, until I found myself in a combat zone - I thought it would be constant engagement with the enemy. After all, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what all the movies show: firefight after firefight. Ã Not so. There are long stretches of action-less time, depending on where you are on the battlefield. Books and mail from loved ones at home are much-desired staples that get you through those times.Often, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know where you are, how long youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to be there, or what tomorrow looks like. Orson Scott CardÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ EnderÃ¢â¬â¢s Game series got me through those doldrums. I kept a fresh co py of his paperback in the cargo pocket of my uniform and toted that book wherever I went.On the battlefield, books and letters are lifelines. Back home, writing has given me a new path and self-publishing has allowed me to open a new chapter in life. "On the battlefield, books and letters are lifelines." @M_LeatherwoodJr "Complicity in Heels" is available on Amazon for Kindle and paperback. Find out more on MattÃ¢â¬â¢s website!Ã What has inspired you to be a writer? How has self-publishing influenced you as an author? Leave your thoughts, experiences, or any questions for MattÃ in the comments below.